Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria is packed with history and culture. This Mediterranean city came to prominence during the Greek and Roman Empires as an important port and seat of learning with the world’s first library. Alexandria was the scene of the great love affair between Cleopatra and Mark Anthony and both ancient and Napoleonic sea battles. A highlight of ancient Alexandria was Pharos, the legendary lighthouse that was one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World. Today Alexandria’s must see attractions include the Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa, the Greco-Roman Museum and the citadel at Fort Qaitbey which guards the entrance to the Eastern Harbour. A holiday in Alexandria combines the history of ancient Egypt with the beautiful beaches of the Mediterranean Sea.
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