El Alamein, the Battle of the "two Worlds"
Duration: Half Day
Learn about the famous Battle of El Alamein during your holiday in Egypt as you visit the site of one of the fiercest battles of the Second World War. See the military monuments and cemeteries of the soldiers who perished here, and visit the war museums that will shed light on the history of El Alamein. The British Cemetery, the German and Italian War Memorials and the War Museum are just some of the places that will remind you of one of the most turbulent periods in history.
Travelling approximately 66 miles east of Alexandria, this fascinating tour will lead you to the small town of El Alamein on the Mediterranean Coast, where the Battle of El Alamein (more accurately known as the second Battle of El Alamein) took place from 23 October to 5 November, 1942.
The first battle in July had stalled the advance of the Axis forces (Germans and Italians), but the second battle resulted in the first major British victory over the enemy, signifying 'the end of the beginning' of World War II. Field Marshal Rommel's German and Italian troops were outnumbered two-to-one by General Montgomery’s British forces. Unable to make any further advances into Egypt, the Axis troops were forced to retreat back to Tunisia.
Military cemeteries and monuments in memory of the soldiers who died here have been built on the site of the battlefield, whilst relics of the war are displayed in several museums in the area. We take a tour of the Allied, Italian and German memorials, and also visit El Alamein War Museum, which reveals the complete story of World War II in North Africa.
Outside the building you will see huge tanks, artillery and other military vehicles used during the famous battle, whilst inside, visitors can tour five different halls which are each dedicated to the four main countries involved in the war (Great Britain, Italy, Germany, and Egypt), as well as one room containing general information. An extensive collection of weapons, uniforms and other artifacts are displayed here, making this one of the best museums in the country to gain an insight into World War II in Egypt.
Returning to Alexandria, you will be taken on a short tour of the city, visiting historic buildings such as the New Library of Alexandria; the 15th century Qait Bey Fort, which was built on the original site of Alexandria Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the beautiful Abu El Abbas El Mursi Mosque, one of Alexandria’s most prominent Islamic landmarks.
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