Polonnurawa is located 216 km from Colombo in central Sri Lanka. This city was a medieval capital and became a royal residence in the mid 4th century. The main attraction in Polonnurawa is the extraordinary 5940 acre Parakarma Samudra, known as the Sea of Parakrama. This unique man made irrigational complex was built by King Parakramabahu; his reign was said to be the golden age of Polonnurawa, when trade and agriculture flourished. The King believed that not a single drop of water that fell from the heavens should be wasted and built a reservoir that was said to be so vast that it is often mistaken for the ocean. Polonnurawa stands as one of the best planned archaeological relics in Sri Lanka. Today, this ancient city has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a popular stop on Sri Lankan tour holidays.
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