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Medieval Polonnaruwa - Sri Lanka Heritage Tour

Duration: Half Day

Medieval Polonnaruwa - Sri Lanka Heritage Tour

Polonnaruwa was Sri Lanka's medieval capital between the 11th and 13th centuries. Enclosed within three concentric walls, the city contained royal palaces, bathing ponds, monasteries and sacred architecture such as dagobas and image houses. Its grandeur was largely the creation of three kings, Vijayabahu, Parakramabahu and Nissanka Malla, although the last-mentioned emptied the coffers in doing so. In this tour ypu will have visit some of the remaining grandeur of Sri Lanka medieval past and some of the buildings and places that solely define this unique sicty. Royal Palace (Vejayanta Pasada) Polonnaruwa, Built by King Parakramabahu the Palace reputedly was 7 storeys high and contained 1000 rooms. As much of the Palace was made of wood it was destroyed by fire, however, the thick stone walls - in which you can see the holes for the wooden floor supports -still remain Kiri ("White") Vihara, Aptly named, this large dagoba's whitewashed plaster has survived seven centuries of abandonment to the jungle between the collapse of the Polonnaruwa kingdom and its rediscovery in the 19th century. It is the best preserved of the island's unrestored dagobas The Vatadage, The Vatadage, or Hall of the Relic, forms part of what is known as "The Quadrangle" at Polonnaruwa, The Vatadage dates from the 12th Century, a circular building with four entrances, guarded by finely sculptured guardstones. There is also a beautiful moonstone below one of the staircases leading up to the top terrace. The top terrace contains a dagoba and four seated Buddhas (some now damaged). A beautiful, graceful building. Parakrama Sumudra, which means "Sea of Parakramabahu",who constructed this duing his reign, is a man made irrigation tank to the southwest of Polonnaruwa covering an area of over 23 square kilometres. It has been restored more or less in its original form. The tank bund is about 13 km. long and 12 metres high.

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