Half Day Pyramids and Sphinx
Duration: Half Day
Discover some of the most majestic ancient monuments in Egyptian history on this half day excursion to Cairo, including the Pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx and the ruins of the Granite Temple. If you are short of time, this tour is an ideal way to glimpse some of the wonders of Ancient Egypt whilst learning about one of the greatest civilisations known to mankind.
After leaving your hotel early in the morning, your day will begin by journeying to the Giza Plateau on the outskirts of Cairo, where we will visit the famous Pyramids of Giza. A local guide will give you a personal tour of the awe-inspiring pyramids, which were built as majestic tombs for Kings and Queens during the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Constructed by the Pharaohs Cheops, Chephren and Mykerinos (father, son and grandson from the 4th Dynasty) over 4,500 years ago, the three pyramids are the largest and best preserved pyramids in Egypt.
The Great Pyramid (Pyramid of Cheops), also known as Khufu's Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu, is the largest and most spectacular of all. Built entirely of limestone, it is considered an architectural masterpiece. Step inside and walk where ancient Egyptians have gone before you, exploring mysterious passageways and royal burial chambers.
The pyramids and tombs are guarded by the famous Great Sphinx, an awe-inspiring giant statue which has a regal head of a human and the body of a lion. The face of the Sphinx seems to represent Pharaoh Khafre (Cheops), although this is not known for certain. The statue was carved from sandstone during the 3rd millennium BC, and is believed to be the earliest known monumental sculpture in Egypt. Facing the rising sun, it was revered so much by the ancient Egyptians that they built a temple in front of it. The remains of the Granite Temple, also known as the Temple of the Sphinx can still be seen today. These breathtaking monuments are a tribute to the grand scale and beauty of Ancient Egyptian art and culture.
At the end of the tour there will be plenty of time to take photos. If you are feeling adventurous, you will also have the opportunity to take an unforgettable camel ride through the desert, amidst some of the world's most famous landmarks. Or, for an extra cost, you can visit the sacred Egyptian solar boat, which is now exhibited in the Solar Boat Museum. This ancient wooden boat is the restored funeral barque of Pharoah Cheops (Khufu), which was found in a pit near the Great Pyramid. It was believed to have been used to transport the king’s deceased body down the Nile. According to the religious Pyramid Texts, a solar barque is used to transport pharaohs’ souls to the heavens, accompanied by the ancient Egyptian sun god Ra (Ré). After venturing into the dangerous realm of the underworld, Ra brings eternal life to the dead. A symbolic boat, or a model of a boat, was therefore included in every tomb.
After all the sightseeing you will be taken for lunch at a local restaurant, where you can rest from the desert heat whilst sampling authentic Arabic cuisine and coffee. Exploring Cairo’s treasures is a must during your holiday in Egypt.
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